Occupations – 1851

(This is taken from ‘Hamsterley and South Bedburn in 1851’ – an analysis of the 1851 Census return – by the University of Durham. Our thanks go to Jonathan Peacock for the loan of this, and a number of other historical records.)

Occupations in Hamsterley Township in 1851
Agricultural (Self-employed, managerial or family)

Male: Farmers 41, Farmer & annuitant 1, Farmer & Agricultural labourer 1,
Farmer’s sons 19, Agricultural labourer at home (farmer’s son) 1,
Agricultural labourers (farmers’ sons) 9, Farmer’s son-in law 1,
Agricultural labourer (farmer’s nephew) 1, Farm bailiff 1.
Female:  Farmers 2, Farmer’s wives 39, Farm bailiff’s wife 1, Miller & farmer’s wife 1,
Carrier & farmer’s wife 1, Farmers’ widows 3, Farmer’s daughters 18,
Farmer’s sister 1, Indoor agricultural labourer (farmer’s daughter) 1.
Boys: Farmers’ sons 5, Farmer’s son-in-law 1, (farmer’s son aged over 10) 1.
Girls:  Farmer’s daughter 1, Agricultural labourer at home (farmer’s daughter ) 1,
Agricultural labourer (farmer’s daughter) 1, (farmer’s daughter aged over 10) 1.Specialised agricultural workers
Male: Miller 2, Miller & farmer 1, Miller’s servant 1, Miller’s son 1,
Woodmerchant 1, Woodmen 2, Wood sower 1,
Employed in wood 1, Gardener 1, Gardner & seedsman 1, Gamekeeper 1.Agricultural labourers
Male: Agricultural labourers 50, Farm labourers 8, Farmer’s servants 5,
Agricultural labourer & basketmaker 1, Outdoor servants 2,
Agricultural labourers’ sons 2.
Female: Agricultural labourers 4.
Boys: Agricultural labourers 2, Farmer’s labourer 1, Farmer’s servant 1.
Girls: Agricultural labourers 2.Shopkeepers and Traders
Male: Grocer, boot & shoemaker 1, Grocer, boot & shoemaker’s apprentices 2,
Butchers 2, Butcher’s son 1.
Female: Draper, grocer & publican 1, Grocer, boot & shoemaker’s wife 1,
Publican and grocer’s wife 1, Publican’s servant 1, Butchers’ wives 2,
Butchers’ daughters 2.
Boys: Shopboy 1.Skilled craftsmen
Male: Master blacksmith 1, Blacksmiths 5, Blacksmith’s apprentice 1, Smith 1,
Cartwright 1, Millwright 1, Farmer & joiner 1, Joiner & cartwright 1, Joiner 1,
Master house carpenter 1, Carpenter 1, Master joiner 1, Joiner’s apprentice 1,
Sawyer 1, Master shoemakers 3, Shoemakers 2, Journeymen shoemaker 1,
Master stonemason 1, Stonemasons 3, Mason 1, Mason’s apprentice 1,
Dry waller 1, Mason’s labourer 1, Master tailor 1, Journeymen tailors 3,
Tailor 1, Tailor’s apprentice 1, Weaver 1 Charcoal burner 1.
Female: Dressmakers 10, Milliners 3, Straw hat makers 3,
Boys: Apprentice cartwright at home 1, Tailor’s apprentice at home 1, Mason’s son 1.Industrial workers (Coal mining)
Male: Coal owner 1, Pitmen 5, Coal miner 1.Industrial workers (Quarrying)
Male: Quarrymen 7, Flag quarrymen 1, Quarry labourer 1.Industrial workers (Edgetool workers)
Male: Edgetool manufacturer employing thirteen men, 1, Edgetool makers 4,
Edgtool grinder 1, Journeyman edgetool maker 1, Forgemen 2,
Auger manufacturer employing one man 1, Spade & shovel makers 2,
Spade handle maker 1.
Boys: Edgetool maker’s apprentice 1.Professional
Male: Schoolmaster 1, Perpetual curate 1, Policeman 1, Agent 1.
Female: Schoolmistress 1, Schoolmistress’s assistant 1.Domestic servants
Male: House servant 1, Servant men 2, Servant boy 1.
Female: Housekeepers 2, House servants 13, General servant 1, Servants 2,
Indoor servants 2, House help 1, Servant girl 1, Servants (house & farm) 4.
Boys: Servant boy 1.
Girls: General servant 1, House servant 1.Private income
Male: Landed proprietors 3, Annuitant 1, Annnuitant from freehold 1.
Female: Annuitants 2, Annuity from freehold 1.Semi-skilled and service
Male: Parish sexton 1, Molecatcher 1, Carrier & occupier of four acres 1.
Female: Laundress 1.
Boy: Errand boy 1.Labourers and unskilled
Male: Labourer 1.
Female: Labourer 1.No occupation
Male: 1, Farmer’s son incapable of employment 1.
Female: 17.Retired
Male: Joiner 1, Pitman 1, Farmer 1, Miller past work 1, Past work 2.
Female: Farmer 1, Innkeeper 1. Paupers
Male: Farmers 2, Shoemaker 1, Tailor 1, Former Cordwainer 1, Labourer 1.
Female: 3, Staymaker 1, Former servant 1, Former farm servant 1,
Former labourer’s widow 1, Farmer’s widow 1, Former breadmaker 1.
Girls: Employed at home 3.Housewives
Female: 79, Landed proprietors’ wives 3, Proprietor of land and magistrate’s wife 1,
Daughters at home 3, (unmarried mothers of no occupation) 2.Adult scholars
Male: 3.
Female: 2.Children at school
Male: 59.
Female: 68.Children at home
Male: 102.
Female: 98.Visitors
Male: Farmer 1, (no occupation) 1.
Female: Houswives 2, Dressmaker 1, Indoor servant 1, (no occupation) 1.
Girls: Scholars 2, (no occupation) 4.
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